When we talk about dangerous wild animals, no doubt the mamba has its place. Today we will show you the characteristics, habitat, food, reproduction, predators, and relevant information about them. Known for being a very poisonous snake, these are undoubtedly very lethal wild jungle animals.
Characteristics of the Mamba
In terms of size, the mambas have a long slender body that can quickly reach a length of 1 or 2 meters. There are currently 4 known species of mambas, among which we have the Jameson’s mamba, eastern green, western, and black mamba.
At the same time, this species is very slender, agile, and fast. It has smooth greyish (in the case of the black mamba) or green (in the fact of the Jameson, eastern and western mambas) scales, flat heads and long tusks with which they inject a neurotoxic poison into their prey to kill them in minutes. This poison is so potent that it can be fatal for a human being if you don’t have access to the antidote in a few hours.
Mambas are highly poisonous snakes that belong to the family “Elapidae” and the genus “Densroaspis.” At the same time they are also characterized by making a quick movement, with the head raised and the mouth open, towards its prey in a matter of seconds to attack it without the latter having the opportunity to escape or react. However, this fast movement can also be used by the mamba to escape from life-threatening situations.
Where does the mamba live? Natural habitat
All mamba species are native to several regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Many of these species can be found in jungles, forests, and coasts. Next, we will talk about the habitat of the different species of mambas that exist:
- Eastern green mamba: It generally lives in the coastal regions of southern East Africa, and they are usually found climbing trees.
- Western green shrimp: It can be found in bushes, forests and the coastal forests of West Africa. In turn, this species can move between tree branches.
- Jameson mamba: This tree species lives mainly in areas of Central, Western, and Eastern Africa. It can adapt perfectly to a wide range of environments such as tropical rainforests, savannas, forests, and altitudes above 1500 meters.
- Black mamba: Usually found in sub-Saharan Africa; and has the particularity that it usually lives on the ground, unlike the mambas mentioned above, which prefer to be in trees.
Type of food
Mambas usually feed on a wide variety of animals, such as birds, rodents, bats and eggs of other species. Most mambas mimic the foliage to surprise their prey with a fulminant blow that they can rarely avoid because these snakes have swift movements.
On the other hand, these animals are active day hunters, that is, they usually go out to look for food during the day, and at night they seek refuge in their lair, and some may even stay with the same den for many years.
Reproduction of this snake
Mambas usually reproduce once a year, during September, which corresponds to the beginning of spring in the regions of Africa. At the same time during this time, the males fight each other for hours to get the opportunity to mate with the nearest females in the breeding season.
Once the male has found the right female, the act of copulation takes place, and the eggs will then develop in the female’s body over approximately 60 days. At the same time, the mature females usually lay between 15 and 25 eggs which will protect the coat and sword.
Because many animals can identify poisonous snakes (as they often have brightly colored scales), mambas are not usually in danger. However, attacks by birds of prey, wild boars and even some foxes or coyotes have sometimes been documented.
Relevant information about Mamba
One of the fascinating aspects of mambas is their potent poison. This has a large number of neurotoxins and cardiotoxins that directly attack both the nervous system and the cardiovascular system.
However, not everything is bad news regarding the poison of the mambas, as it is currently used for the development of more powerful and effective analgesics.