Do you like tigers? If the answer is yes, in this article, we will talk about this incredible wild animal; the flare tiger is large and has an excellent skill to hunt the prey that is proposed. It is beautifully colored, which differentiate it from other animals, so stay to know all the main details of the Bengal tiger, such as its characteristics, food, habitat, and reproduction of these brilliant wild animals of the forest.
What does a bengal tiger look like? Main characteristics
The Bengal tiger, whose scientific name is Panthera tigris tigris is a large animal that can weigh between 180 and 250 kgs and measure more than 3 meters. Its tail is usually 85 to 110 cms.
The color of its coat is orange, reddish, or ochre with dark stripes (black, gray, or brown) and white or beige on the inside of its body.
Their life expectancy varies according to their sex so that a male can live between 10 and 12 years, and a female can reach 16 years, in both cases being in their natural habitat. However, in captivity, they can reach 26 years.
Even so, most males do not reach the age of 10 years, as it is common for them to fight among themselves for the females, leading to their death.
The Bengal tiger is the mammal with the largest fangs.
As for its behavior, the Bengal tiger is a solitary animal, but the female can be seen in groups of about four members.
Due to their excellent vision, which allows them to see excellently both during the day and at night, they prefer to hunt at the end of the afternoon and beginning of the night; so they usually use the day to replenish enough energy to hunt with more excellent dexterity and speed.
The Bengal tiger is a carnivorous animal in all its splendor, and the animals it feeds on life mainly in its environment; for example buffaloes, wild boars, zebras, among other large animals, in order to be sufficiently satisfied. They can ingest between 10 and 20 kilos of food, due to their enormous size and muscular structure.
Thanks to his powerful muscles and sharp claws, in addition to his high strength in the jaw and his brilliant vision, is cataloged the best hunter in history.
Where do white bengal tigers live
Bengal tigers live mainly in the beautiful tropical forests. However, due to the human invasion where are Bengal tigers found, they have been forced to migrate to other places, such as jungles and savannas, in order to survive. They reside with the tigers of the same herd, in the case of the female, in small groups of approximately 4 tigers. In the case of the male, it is more likely to be solitary, as he prefers it.
How do they reproduce?
Bengal tigers can mate at any time of the year, although their age to reproduce ranges from 4 to 5 years old. In the case of the male, seeks the company of the female-only to procreate, because it is an animal that likes to be alone, to improve their hunting techniques, while the female is always accompanied and likes to live with those of the same species. Their gestation time can last between 90 and 110 days, and when babies are born can be born from 2 to 4 puppies, which share with their mother, up to 3 years or so, while they learn the main characteristics to survive on their own.
For this reason, the mother takes good care of them, even playing a lot with their offspring, to help develop strength and dexterity. Also, it teaches them to hunt enough, so that they can feed by themselves; since once they leave the herd, they begin their life by themselves.
What are bengal tigers predators?
The Bengal tiger is a fabulous feline that, because of its exceptional beauty, has as a result that many hunters want it in their projects; either for its skin, to dissect them and exhibit them or even to sell some of its organs for vast amounts of money. Currently, they have found immense healing properties included in their organs; and for this reason, some people pay much money, either to experiment or to sell them and thus profit more economically, at the cost of the life of these beautiful wild animals.
There was a time when due to so much hunting of them, was in danger of extinction, and almost managed to kill them. Although it should be noted that some shelters and institutions took outstanding care of those they had in captivity, releasing some when they were no longer in danger and thus be able to reproduce.
Why is the bengal tiger endangered:
The web surrounding the disappearance of the Bengal tiger is quite complicated. In short, we could determine that the causes and most significant threats to tigers are:
Degradation, fragmentation and habitat loss
One of the main threats to this species is damage to its natural environment. Habitat degradation, fragmentation, and subsequent loss have been mainly due to humans. This has destroyed forests and pastures to increase agricultural production due to the growth of human populations.
Commercial logging, both legal and illegal, has also resulted in habitat destruction. In about 10 years, the territory occupied by the Bengal tiger decreased by 41%.
In the next 20 to 30 years, a similar reduction is expected if efforts to conserve the species do not improve.
Poaching and illegal trade
Poaching and illegal commercialization of tigers or parts of their bodies continue to increase, despite being illegal. This is one of the most direct threats to the Bengal tigers in the wild.
Some areas perfectly inhabitable by tigers have been ravaged by illegal hunting. These crimes have not been prosecuted as much as they should have been, nor have they had a high priority within tiger conservation programs.
Generally, people living near or in tiger territories are human beings belonging to deficient social classes, without economic resources and dependent on local agriculture and livestock. Tiger conservation programs do not take into account these people, whose only resource for survival is in the forest.
If a tiger attacks their cattle, they lose capital that the government does not return to them. So they do not want to have tigers around; because of this, they poison them, chase them, and hunt them down.
In future conservation plans, these people should be taken into account and work with them to protect their heritage, minimizing conflict between humans and tigers.
Poaching and the new fashion of eating “wild foods” in big cities are also killing off the tiger’s natural prey, which is forced to hunt cattle.