Skip to content

» Animals in danger of extinction 2020: Causes, consequences and list of endangered animals

The animals at risk of extinction are the consequences that leave the activities of man with all their actions; since these are those who have been paying the consequences of the destruction of the ecosystem. In this way, several species die, and the trophic chain of all beings deteriorates in the same way.

It is complicated to create an orthodox opinion about animals that are almost extinct. Despite this, what has been known is that despite the adaptation of the elements of survival of the animals; these have been reducing their number, as a product of the effects of the works carried out by the man; in agreement with the technical scope.

The different species of animals in danger of extinction are estimated to disappear from the planet progressively, without any future opportunity to reappear, since those who are at risk today, are in constant anxiety according to the loss of habitat where they are.

In addition to human-made industrial activities, climate change, hunting, and disease also play a significant role in the gradual disappearance of endangered species from their ecosystems.

Causes of Endangered Animals

The diverse causes of animals in danger of extinction are usually identified according to the origin and type of activity that is generating the degrading effects for the species, knowing that the action of the man is totally undeniable in all the categories of loss of animals.

Biological or natural causes

Within the natural processes that have led to the disintegration and extinction of various animal species and that put many in danger today are often:

  • Life age or aging time
  • The diseases that can appear in them
  • Parasitism
  • The competition with other species in different types of activities.

Natural disasters

From fires to droughts, volcanoes and hurricanes are catastrophes that, despite being initiated by nature, leave an essential consequence on animals and is their extinction by the elimination of entire families during the events of massive disasters.

Although they are usually rare events because they do not occur every day, they are dangerous by the immense amount of species that eliminates from a single moment, taking away all the opportunity to do the reproductive function and combat extinctions.

Causes generated by human activity

These are the causes that cover most of the arrival of endangered animals, such as stalking the environment for pollution activities, not recycling, overexploitation of natural resources, and logging.

Each of these activities has repercussions on the health of the environment and with it, the living beings that are in the middle of each one of the ecosystems, having more enormous consequences of danger to the animal species.

With all this, hunting is very punctual when you want to find a culprit concerning animals in extinction because it is the majority cause that man generates directly to kill the species and is entirely intentional.

This is how it has been determined that the highest responsible when talking about animals in danger of extinction is man, since at all times is altering the integrity of habitats, wet or dry, and at any time of year. This results in the decline and loss of many animal species important for the conservation of the food chain in all its areas of distribution.

Consequences of Endangered Animals

Among the significant consequences of animals in danger of extinction are considered the imminent changes are given in the ecosystem as a whole, bringing to light the imbalance of other species decreasing with it the quality of the trophic chain, which involves all types of animals found in different habitats.

It is known that once a species becomes extinct, the entire ecosystem is gradually affected, causing those that remain in the environment to be affected in all their aspects, not only by the food that the chain entails in each species, but also by the changes that occur at the level of the surrounding resources and the maintenance of the vitality of each one.

Among the consequences of animals in danger of extinction are:

Loss of genetic diversity

This aspect is authentically related to the increased vulnerability of species, as well as all animals and other habitat components when it comes to aspects such as hunting, sudden population changes, and much more.

It is the increase in the vulnerability of the species, which causes the different types of elements that compose the environments to feel fully subtracted from the risks involved in hunting, the features of species elimination not only for plant components but also for fauna.

Complete extinction of species

With the passing of time and the damage caused to the environment, species and their extinction take over those areas where biodiversity is most involved among the different processes that affect the environment, from hunting to slashing and burning in many cases, limiting the vitality of each of the beings that are part of the food chain of life.

Human Evolution

 Anthropogenic processes are part of the consequences generated by endangered animals. This is one of the facts that make it possible for every human being to know the different processes of evolution in order to subsist through food difficulties; as well as to continue advancing the development of all humanity without being limited by the precarious appearance of species used for food over the years.

Rapid destruction of the ecosystem

Regardless of which ecosystem is involved; the direct affectation as a product of animals in danger of extinction and their partial or total absence; what it will create is that diverse environments are formed throughout the world but with scarce biodiversity; limiting the vital capacities and optimal characteristics that make the planet have life within it.

It is a situation that can generally be seen in the tropics much more than in other regions and in turn has had a much greater progress in a period of 20 to 30 years respectively.

When is a species considered to be endangered?

A species is considered endangered when all its representatives are at risk of disappearing from the face of the Earth.

How many animals are endangered in 2019?

According to data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the international body with the most power over the problem, approximately 5,200 species of animals are currently in danger of extinction.

Also, 11% of birds, 20% of reptiles, 34% of fish and 25% of amphibians and mammals are in danger of extinction, broken down by class.

Endangered Animal List 2019

Nowadays, not only endangered animals are those that have an exotic coat or structure to the human eye. Also included are common species that have been an important part of the food chain, among all the species on the planet.

Polar bear | (Ursus maritimus)

He is the one who has notoriously been the most imposing among the animals in danger of extinction, for his so important scarcity in all the habitats to which these belong. 

It is estimated that their species could disappear completely in an estimated time of 50 years if the Arctic ice sheets continue to shrink.

Bengal Tiger | (Panthera tigris tigris)

This belongs to the second endangered animal. This inhabits ecosystems populated by mangroves within India, is one of the largest species, but currently has been the most attacked from various surroundings.

Because it is a very attractive feline, it has been a tireless victim of poaching, generating not only an imbalance in the trophic chain but also environmental changes that are reflected in the consequent fragmentation of the population and its deterioration within the habitat.

Grey wolf | (Canis lupus)

It is also recognized as the key predator because it is the subsequent common species of wolves. It is the hunt that has managed to reduce the number of wolves of this species, becoming an aggravating factor within the ecosystem in which they live.

The life cycle takes it as a relevant part of its conservation because they are the ones that consume deer, small mammals; among others that when they are not present, they also alter the food chain between animal species, putting an end to life inside the planet after hundreds or thousands of years.

Kangaroos | (Macropus rufus)

These beings that are really surprising within the planet for jumping and running with very high speed have been victims of natural hunting of other species, especially the felines around them and, therefore, today live hidden within their own environment for the protection of anything that wants to harm them.

Apart from the hunting implied by wild species, kangaroos have also been disappearing due to the climatic changes that generate many alterations in their body, making them die more easily and making it more difficult to conserve their species.

Java Rhino | (Rhinoceros sondaicus)

The situation of this species of rhinoceros is theatrical, not only because there are very few specimens left, but the main reason that drives them to disappear is the poaching to turn them into ornaments or the belief, in China and Eastern cultures, that their leather has healing properties.

Hunting, in general, has very adverse effects on animals, even more so on individual species.

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna | (Thunnus thynnus common)

This migratory fish is usually found in the Atlantic, and the Mediterranean Sea has shown symptoms of weakness in recent years. The main reason why this animal is in danger of extinction is its use in the quality sushi market.

At the moment, there is already a temporary ban to stop consuming it in such an abusive way; otherwise, it could disappear.

Eastern Gorilla | (Gorilla beringei beringei)

This gorilla species is another animals that are in danger of becoming extinct; in fact, it is in grave danger of extinction. The main reason is hunting and the deterioration that has suffered its habitat in recent times.

It is estimated that there are less than 800 Mountain Gorillas individuals living in their natural environment.

The penguins | (Spheniscidae)

Although there are still quite a few penguins, they also suffer the consequences of melting ice and global warming. 

They are migrating animals, and many are dying along the way. For this reason, some of their species have already entered the list of animals in greater danger of extinction, with a higher risk in specific areas of the planet, such as the South Pole.

African wild dog | (Lycaon pictus)

The African hunting dog, Cape hunting dog or Painted hunting Dog, is another of the most endangered animal species in the world. According to the (Red List), the Painted Lycaon is in danger of extinction, and, also, according to more recent data collected by the (IUCN), their population continues to decline.

It faces several threats, including pressure to destroy its habitat, illegal hunting for its skins, and live capture as a pet. In some parts of Africa, they have been domesticated for use as guardians, as have hyenas and cheetahs.

Animals in Danger of Extinction by country

How to protect the endangered species?

How to save endangered animals and prevent them from disappearing is one of the most general questions in the wake of new news of endangered species and species that have just disappeared, such as the American puma.

The truth is that there are many things we can do to prevent endangered animals from disappearing. However, it must be borne in mind that not all of these processes are entirely our fault, and not all of them depend on us. It is true that many species are in our situation because of our activities and that in the case of others, what we are doing is participating in the acceleration of their disappearance.

Some of the things we can do to protect endangered animals are the following:

  • To be ecological, avoiding consuming certain products and reducing the consumption of others, reusing objects, and recycling the materials that can be recycled.
  • Avoid using unnecessary polluting transports by using more public transport or clean transports, such as walking, cycling, and skates.
  • Help associations, organizations, and governments to fight against illegal animal trafficking and poaching.
  • Report any cases of illegal trafficking in animals, or parts of them, and poaching that we see or know of.
  • Inform us to raise awareness and know what we can do at the local level, for example, by consulting the council, and help raise awareness among children and young people.

More information about endangered animals